Library and Documentation Center of MU opened in 1989 concomitant with the establishment of the university. It is one of the premier libraries in Iran with a rich selection of resources, especially in the field of Humanities. The library covers an area of 3100 m with over 250,000 books, periodicals, PhD and MA thesis, and library documents as print resources. Other than physical resources, the first phase of the digital library is running and it contains over 20,000 English books in Humanities available for researchers and students; this number will eventually go up to 100,000 volumes of digital books in the next phases.

The important point about MU Library and Documentation Center is that beside the number of resources, it aims to introduce Humanities and Islamic sciences to other countries. This requires that relevant books are collected in different languages; that is why more than half the resources are in English, Arabic, Italian, Spanish, French, Latin, etc. However, most Persian resources are usually available in English and Arabic languages as well. A very important section of MU library holds rare resources with a significant spiritual and scientific value which are kept under particular conditions and protected by special monitoring systems. Such resources are particularly different from others in terms of content or quality of the volume; e.g., manuscripts, lithography books, movable-type-printed books, and particular works signed by contemporary authors and prominent Iranian figures

The library stack consists of three sections: loan books or general collection, reference section, and periodical section. There is a section for specialized search, study and search digital books, digital dissertations, and the deposit section. The library spaces for study and discussion include more or less 250 seats. Special spaces are also available to be used by faculty and researchers for study and scientific discussions.