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aboat Qom
Qom province
Qom is one of the 30 provinces of Iran with 11,237 km², covering 0.89% of the total area in Iran. It is in the north of the country, and its provincial capital is the city of Qom. In 2005, this province had a population of approximately 2,000,000. 

Qom is connected by road and rail to Teheran, 200 km north, Kashan, 100 km southeast, Yazd, 500 km southeast and Esfahan, 300 km south.



Geography
The climate of Qom province varies between a desert and semi-desert climate, and comprises mountainous areas, foothills and plains. Due to being located near an arid region and far inland, it experiences a dry climate, with low humidity and scanty rainfall. Thus, agriculture is not possible in most of its areas, especially near the salt lake regions. Qom province has two large salt lakes, namely: Howz e Soltan Lake, which lies 36 km due north of Qom. and Namak Lake, which lies 80 km due east of Qom. 
History
Qom is thought to have existed in pre-Islamic ages. Archeological discoveries indicate Qom as a residential area from the 5th millennium BCE. According to the pre-Islamic remaining relics and historical texts, Qom was a large city. 'Kom' was the name of the ancient rampart of the city of Qom, thus, the Arabs called it Qom during the Arab conquests of Iran.
It was during the reign of the second caliph Omar, that the Muslims captured Qom’s center.
During the persecution of the Alavids by the Abbasids and Umayyads, many Alavids fled to Qom, making it their permanent home. 
By 1503, Qom became one of the important centers of theology in relation to the Shia Islam.
Qom was also the center from which Ayatollah Khomeini based his opposition to the Pahlavi dynasty, while in Iran.
Qom today
Today, Qom is considered as one of the focal centers of the Shiite sect both in Iran and around the globe. Its theological center and the Holy Shrine of Hazrat Ma'soomeh are prominent features of the provincial capital of Qom province.





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